- Ⅰ. Chicago, Judy Born 1939.American artist best known for The Dinner Party (1979), a ceramic and needlepoint project depicting the social history of women in the Western world.Ⅱ. Chi·ca·go (shĭ-kä’gō, -kô’-)The largest city of Illinois, in the northeast part of the state on Lake Michigan. Located at the mouth of the Chicago River, the first link in the Illinois Waterway, it developed into a major port in the 1800s and became the commercial center of the Midwest. Chicago was nearly destroyed by a disastrous fire in 1871.Chi·ca’go·an n.Word History: The name Chicago is first recorded in 1688 in a French document, where it appears as Chigagou, an Algonquian word meaning "onion field." In explanation of this name, the document states that wild onion or garlic grew profusely in the area. The name of the field or meadow was first transferred to the river and then was given to the city in 1830.
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